The Man in the Iron Mask Online website

The Man in the Iron Mask (chinese: 铁面具的男人;  1640 – 19 Nvbre 1703) During this period , an enigmatic man spent several decades confined to the Bastille and other French prisons. No one knew who is it or why he was in prison. Even stranger, no one knew what he looked like—the prisoner was never seen without a black velvet mask covering his face. He has since inspired countless stories and legends—writings by Voltaire and Alexandre Dumas helped popularized the myth that his mask was made of iron—yet most historians agree that he existed. So who was he?.

No one is known to have seen his face because it was hidden by a mask of black velvet cloth, and the true identity of the prisoner remains a mystery; it has been extensively debated by historians, and various theories have been expounded in numerous books and films.

Among the leading theories are those proposed by writer and philosopher Voltaire: He claimed in the second edition of his Questions sur l’Encyclopédie (1771) that the prisoner wore a mask made of iron rather than of cloth, and that he was the older, illegitimate brother of Louis XIV. What little is known about the historical Man in the Iron Mask is based mainly on correspondence between Saint-Mars and his superiors in Paris. Recent research suggests that his name might have been Eustache Dauger, a man who was involved in several political scandals of the late 17th century, but this assertion has not been proven.

The National Archives of France has made the original data available online relating to the inventories of the goods and papers of Saint-Mars (one inventory, of 64 pages, was drawn up at the Bastille in 1708; the other, of 68 pages, at the citadel of Sainte-Marguerite in 1691). These documents had been sought in vain for more than a century and were thought to have been lost. They were discovered in 2015, among the 100 million documents of the Minutier central des notaires de Paris [fr].[1][2] They show that some of the 800 documents in the possession of the jailer Saint-Mars were analysed after his death. These documents confirm the reputed avarice of Saint-Mars, who appears to have diverted the funds paid by the king for the prisoner. They also give a description of a cell occupied by the masked prisoner, which contained only a sleeping mat, but no luxuries, as was previously thought

フランス国立公文書館は、サンマルスの商品や紙の在庫に関連する元のデータをオンラインで利用できるようにしました(1ページは64ページで、1708年にバスティーユで作成されました。もう1つは68ページで、 1691年のサントマルグリットの城塞)。これらの文書は1世紀以上も無駄に求められており、失われたと考えられていました。それらは2015年に発見され、パリのドミニエ中央図書館の1億件の文書の中で発見されました[fr]。[1] [2]彼らは、監獄のサンマルスが所持する800の文書のいくつかが彼の死後に分析されたことを示しています。これらの文書は、王から囚人のために支払われた資金を流用したと思われるサンマルスの評判の高い欲望を裏付けています。彼らはまた、以前考えられていたように、寝ているマットのみを含み、贅沢品は含まれていなかった、マスクされた囚人が占拠した細胞の説明も提供します。

鉄の仮面の男はフィクションの多くの作品にも登場しましたが、最も目立つのは1840年代後半のアレクサンドルデュマです。彼の小説「ブラゲロンヌのVicomte of Bragelonne:10年後」のセクションでは、彼のダルタニャンの物語の最後の割賦に、アイアンマスクの男が登場します。ここでは、囚人は鉄のマスクを着用することを余儀なくされ、ルイ14世の同一の双子として描かれています。[デュマはまた、当時の現存する囚人についての人気のある理論についてのレビューを、彼のノンフィクション犯罪セレブレスの第6巻。